Our Brain and Creativity

By Sue Coletta

Creativity and the brainFirst, let’s define the word “muse.”

A muse is a woman, or a force personified as a woman, who is the source of inspiration for a creative artist. How amazing that we’re able to tap into her energy and translate our story to the page.

An alternate definition of “muse” is an ancient Greek word that means to be absorbed in thought or inspired. Amusement is the absence of thought or inspiration. Hence why social media can destroy our creative time. Over saturating ourselves with anything, including thoughts, outside and inner pressure, too many ideas, etc., can wound our muse. Ever notice that some of our best ideas come when we’re falling asleep or taking a shower or walk? That’s because our mind is relaxed. For those that struggle to structure themselves should consider using a matching worksheet maker to help them keep on track with educational tasks, they have laid out for themselves to improve their creativity.

What happens inside the brain?

Dr. Lotze from the University of Greifswald had always been fascinated by the creativity of writers, so he wondered how the brain reacted when they crafted stories. In a scientific study, he took novice writers who’d never completed a story and professional writers who’d authored published books. The results amazed him.

Did you know our brains react differently, depending on whether an author writes professionally or if they’re just beginning their writing journey?

First, Dr. Lotze built a custom-made writing desk. While lying supine, their head cocooned inside the scanner, the subject rested their arm on a wedged block. He positioned several mirrors which allowed the writers to see what they were writing.

Novice Writers

Dr. Lotze asked 28 volunteers to first only copy a block of text. This gave him a baseline of brain activity. Next, he gave them the first few lines of a short story and told them to continue on. Thus, triggering their muse. They were allowed to brainstorm for one minute, write for two.

Hippocampus in red.

The research showed certain parts of the brain became active during the creative process but not while copying text. During brainstorming, some vision-processing regions also came alive in some of the writers, as if they were seeing the scene unfold in their mind’s eye.

During the writing process, other regions activated, as well. Dr. Lotze theorized that the hippocampus was retrieving factual information for the subjects to use in their stories. Who says research isn’t important?

Another region of the brain, near the front — left caudate nucleus and left dorsolateral and superior medial prefrontal cortex, which is crucial for storing several pieces of information at once — also activated. When writers juggle characters and plot lines we put special demands on that part of the brain.

The problem with this study was that he’d chosen all novice writers.

What happens inside the mind of a seasoned writer?

Twenty authors volunteered this time. In the same position as the novice writers, Dr. Lotze gave seasoned writers the exact same instructions. Brainstorm for one minute, write for two. Like before, the first few lines had been written for them.

Dr. Lotze’s findings are as follows …

During creative writing, cerebral activation occurred in a predominantly left-hemispheric fronto-parieto-temporal network. When compared to inexperienced writers, researched proved increased left caudate nucleus and left dorsolateral and superior medial prefrontal cortex activation. In contrast, less experienced participants recruited increasingly bilateral visual areas. During creative writing, activation in the right cuneus showed positive association with the creativity index in expert writers.

High experience in creative writing seems to be associated with a network of prefrontal and basal ganglia (caudate) activation. In addition, the findings suggested that high verbal creativity specific to literary writing increased activation in the right cuneus associated with increased resources obtained for reading.

You can read the full report here.

Let’s break it down in easier terms.

The brains of seasoned writers worked differently than novice writers, even before they began to write. During the brainstorming, the novice writers showed more activity in the brain’s regions responsible for speech.

“I think both groups are using different strategies,” said Lotze. “It’s possible that the novice writers are watching their stories like a film inside their head while the professional authors are narrating it with an inner voice.”

He discovered more differences.

Deep inside the brain of seasoned writers, a region called the caudate nucleus, responsible for skills that require a lot of training and practice, also became active. In the novice writer, it didn’t. The caudate remained quiet. Perhaps that’s due to the fact that when we start learning a skill we’re more consciously trying to master it. With practice, those actions become largely automatic, and it’s inside the caudate nucleus where the shift occurs.

Skeptics like Dr. Pinker, another scientist, said the test wasn’t involved enough to make comparisons. He’d rather see tests between writing fiction vs. nonfiction or other factual information. Creativity might also cause differences from writer to writer. For example, some writers may activate the taste-perceiving regions in the brain when they write about food. Another writer might rely more on sound. Paul Dale Anderson wrote a fascinating post that touched on this difference in more depth.

What’s the best way to summon creativity?

Read a book, listen to music or audiobooks — any exercise that forces us to envision someone else’s story world. A passionate and focused writer can accomplish more in a few hours than an unfocused writer can in a full day.

Over to you TKZers. What do you think of this study? Are you an auditory or visual writer? While writing, can you taste the food?

This entry was posted in A Writer's Life, research, Writing and tagged , , , , by Sue Coletta. Bookmark the permalink.

About Sue Coletta

Sue Coletta is an award-winning crime writer and an active member of Mystery Writers of America, Sisters in Crime, and International Thriller Writers. Feedspot and Expertido.org named her Murder Blog as “Best 100 Crime Blogs on the Net.” She also blogs at the Kill Zone, Story Empire, and Writers Helping Writers. Sue lives with her husband in the Lakes Region of New Hampshire. Her backlist includes psychological thrillers, the Mayhem Series (books 1-3) and Grafton County Series, and true crime/narrative nonfiction. Now, she exclusively writes eco-thrillers, Mayhem Series (books 4-8 and continuing). Sue's appeared on the Emmy award-winning true crime series, Storm of Suspicion, and three episodes of A Time to Kill on Investigation Discovery. Learn more about Sue and her books at https://suecoletta.com

14 thoughts on “Our Brain and Creativity

  1. I’ve always been fascinated by studies like this. Although I’m not a novice writer, I still “see” my story unfold. If I can’t see it, I can’t write. So, I lean more toward Dr. Pinker who said that creativity might also cause differences from writer to writer. I think the way writers write is different from writer to writer. 🙂

    • I agree, Patricia. Dr. Pinker would need a much bigger test pool in order to validate “every” writer’s process. Still, I found his research fascinating. I’m more an auditory writer and reader. The story’s rhythm is what attracts me to certain authors.

  2. Well, I don’t know a ganglia from a nucleus, but it seems to me these studies are more about confirming what we already suspected, i.e., that different parts of the brain light up depending on what we’re doing.

    When we’re being “creative” (or right brain, as we’ve been told) we ganglia one way; when we’re analytical (left brain) we ganglia another. I guess we writers live in neighborhoods with high ganglia activity.

    Much of the craft of writing comes down to being intentional about which side of the brain we turn on, and when. I’d say that having a nice set of tools stored in the caudate nucleus is a good thing.

  3. Studies like these, even with small sample sizes, fascinate me. For a while now, I suspected there are differences in our thought processes based on our level of expertise. My sister and I are both writers, but she’s a novice. When she reads, she reads for pleasure and allows the story to take her on a journey. I, on the other hand, can’t turn off my inner editor, and I critique the plot and execution the whole way through a story. (It’s actually frustrating; I’d love to read for the sake of pleasure like I used to.) Maybe it’s because I’m also an editor and she isn’t, but I think it’s a similar situation to the study you sited. There’s likely a correlation between experience and creation.

    Great post, Sue.

    • Reading like a writer isn’t a bad thing, Staci. We can learn a lot by dissecting books by other authors. Critique? Gulp. You’re off my street team. LOL Kidding! You know I love ya.

      • No, reading like a writer/editor isn’t ALWAYS a bad thing. But it’s frustrating when you want to be swept away and instead you’re cringing because “none” is singular, yet the author treated it as plural four times on one page.

        And other than you missing the ending H in Pittsburgh once (I think that was you), I get swept away in your stories. Please don’t cut me from your street team! 😉

  4. Sue, thanks. Excellent post. Now, if only these researchers can demonstrate the difference between pantsers and plotters, we’ll really have something. Of course, I expect them to confirm my own findings that pantsers rule!

  5. Fascinating post! One of my first writing exercises was to close my eyes, put my fingers on the keyboard, and “just write.” Let my brain take me where it wanted to go. Granted, I would never use what I wrote, but it was stimulating.

  6. I love reading studies like these. If nothing else, they serve as a distraction from my writing. LOL! Not too many months ago I read a book on creativity and flow by a guy whose name is so long and complicated I couldn’t begin to pronounce it, but that was interesting too. Mihaly something or other.

    As to auditory/visual–for me a smattering of both. It just depends on the scene and the story. I do remember once I was very immersed in a scene I was writing & it happened to be raining in that particular part of the story–I still l how strong my reaction of shock was when I went outside my apartment and it wasn’t raining. It was really weird. I was totally in the zone.

    • Hahahaha. This time of year, it’s easy to get distracted.

      Love your rain story, BK! I think of the zone as our super power, to be totally immersed in our story world that the rest of the world falls away. If researchers could capture the zone’s power and were able to recreate it, imagine the possibilities? I doubt we’d be able to tap into the zone while strapped to a table in a clinical setting. I bet we could write a cool hostage scene, though. 😉 Wishing you a joyous holiday season!

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